You must have noticed that our water when the water purifier is not installed, it’s kind of hard and we think anybody can feel the same! Well, a Water softener is known for removing minerals which is responsible for creating hardness in water. Hard water is a true problem and a real threat because it will not only destroy the appliances but leave filmy soap scum across your kitchens and bathrooms. You will be amazed to know that it will dry out your skin as well as your hair! We hope that you have understood the importance of a water softener.
How Do Water Softener Works?
We want to give you an ado on how it works. A water softener will work through a specific process named ion exchange, and it is known for eliminating magnesium as well as calcium from the source of water. When the hard water enters the mineral tank, it will generally flow through a bed of spherical resin beads. Honestly, these plastic beads are usually made from polystyrene, and they are typically charged with a sodium ion. On the other hand, the resin beads are anions which means they have a negative charge. The calcium and magnesium minerals have a positive charge, and this is what makes them cations.
Since we all know the opposite charges attract, the negative charge of the minerals will be attracted to the positive charge of the resin beads, and we think it’s pretty normal. The hard water will pass through the resin; the beads will hold the mineral ions and remove them from the water. In the meantime, the bead seizes the mineral ion, and the sodium ion will be released. The column of resin will kick all the hardness out of the water as it will pass through the mineral tank; hence, the water softener is really important, and it promotes goodness!
Some of The Popular Components Of A Water Softener
A water softener is made up of three main components: a mineral tank, a control valve, and a brine tank and you will get them all together. These three will eventually work in conjunction in terms of removing the minerals from the hard water. It will also monitor the flow of water, as well as periodically clean the system through a regeneration process. Here, we would be discussing understanding a bit better!
Let’s find out below.
- The Brine Tank
The brine tank is one of the three components, and this is known for aiding the water softening system in improvement. It is nothing but a shorter tank that will sit adjacent to the mineral tank of your home. The brine tank will hold a highly concentrated solution of salt in terms of restoring the positive charges of resin beads. Salt is commonly added to the brine tank in the form of blocks or pellets. These will dissolve in the water that too at the bottom of the tank.
When the control valve registers the softening capacity of the resin is diminishing, the heavy brine solution will automatically be drawn out of the tank. Also, it will be flushed through the resin in the mineral tank. In case, the brine tank runs out of salt, the water will pass through the unit, and it will no longer be softened.
- The Mineral Tank
The mineral tank is nothing but the chamber where the hard water will be softened. This is one of the most important components that you can look up to. The water supply line will eventually feed the hard water into the tank. However, the water will seep through the bed of resin beads while depositing the water-hardening magnesium and calcium ions. The water will exit the tank soft and keep flowing through the pipes and out to your household appliances. Hence, you will get the soft water and enjoy the goodness of your skin and hair!
- The Control Valve
The control valve will measure the amount of water passing that too through the mineral tank, and it will directly enter your house. The valve houses a meter that will eventually the volume of water that is entering the mineral tank. As hard water will flow through the mineral tank, the resin beads will automatically exchange their sodium ions for hardness ions.
Over the period, this will deplete the capacity of the resin in terms of continuing to soften the water, which is necessary effectively. Before the beads become too burdened with mineral content to continue eliminating magnesium and calcium ions, the control valve will automatically initiate a regeneration cycle. This is one of the important components that we need to look into. It will help in doing the job faster as well as smoother!Hopefully, you are now clear with the idea of a water softener, and you can install one at the time of installing your water purifier.