Wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) reduces the risk of serious occupational injuries and illnesses. These illnesses and damages may be brought on by chemical, radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or any other occupational danger. A few examples of PPE gear include gloves, safety glasses, shoes, and hard helmets, respirators, coveralls, and full bodysuits.

When it comes to protecting themselves and their patients from potentially deadly diseases, Australian healthcare professionals rely on personal protective equipment every single day. With the spread of the coronavirus pandemic, personal protective equipment (PPE) is essential.

Healthcare professionals are increasingly aware of the real dangers of not wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) rather than treating risk as a hypothetical worst-case scenario. Because of the high number of ill people they see daily, healthcare workers are now the most at risk from coronavirus.


  1. Which methods have the manufacturer used to ensure that PPE is safe and effective during use?
  2. Can personal protective equipment (PPE) be recycled?
  3. Is the level of protection provided by each piece of PPE the same?
  4. If you’re taking care of someone ill at home, should you use personal protective equipment (PPE) to avoid infection?


Goggles & Headgear

As infectious patients cough, sneeze, or aerosols are created in a clinical context, mucous membrane contamination is conceivable. Another risk is coming into direct contact with the eyes, nose, or mouth while holding a contaminated hand. Standard and contact precautions include using face shields/goggles to shield the eyes, nose, and mouth, in addition to covering the eyes and surrounding regions.


Coronaviruses are respiratory viruses that infect both the upper and lower respiratory tracts, causing illness.

Human infection may be prevented by protecting the airways from droplets/aerosols. Infectious droplets or a contaminated hand may infect the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose. In the event of a suspected or confirmed COVID-19 case or aerosol-generating operations, the usage of masks is essential.

There are several masks to choose from. Depending on a person’s risk profile and their employment, they may need a different sort of face mask. Hospital and community workers should wear one of two kinds of face masks, depending on the kind of job they are doing:

  • Anatomically correct 3-layer face mask
  • Respiratory apparatus N-95
  • A three-layer medical cover.
  • Medical covers are designed to protect the user from infectious material when they cough, sneeze or speak.
  • Rebreather mask N-95

An N-95 respirator mask shields the wearer from airborne contaminants. These masks are custom-made to fit as closely as possible to the wearer’s face to ensure a tight seal. Duckbill/cup-shaped structure that doesn’t compress against the mouth, preventing choking. If worn appropriately, these masks can filter more than three-layer medical masks. Protects the user from breathing airborne particles with a tighter seal than triple-layer medical masks.

Infected objects or surfaces, such as hands, noses, or mouths, may spread COVID-19 to anyone who contacts them. Risks associated with handling things or feelings that COVID-19 suspect/confirmed cases have polluted should be considered. Regarding chemical resistance, nitrile gloves trump latex gloves, especially chlorine. Latex allergy and contact dermatitis are common among medical professionals. Nitrile gloves are preferable. However, latex gloves may be used in their place. Powdered gloves are the preferable choice.

A healthcare provider’s torso is protected from viral exposure by wearing a coverall or gown.

It is not feasible to wear a medical/isolation gown for the whole of one’s stay without experiencing discomfort (e.g., possible openings in the back, coverage to the mid-calf only).

Healthcare professionals who work near suspected or confirmed cases of COVID-19 or their secretions benefit from the barrier created by protective gear, which prevents or lowers contact and droplet exposure, both of which have been linked to the transmission COVID-19.

Due to a lack of data proving which is more effective in limiting transmission to healthcare personnel, both coveralls and gowns are permitted.

A gown is easier to put on and take off than a shirt and tie. During therapy, an apron might be worn over the patient’s dress. Biologically contaminated solid particles and chemical threats must be protected by coveralls/gowns that fulfil high requirements.

Personnel safety and disinfection are improved when shoes are coated with impermeable fabric.

When deciding on personal protective equipment, it’s vital to keep the following things in mind:

  • Touch, splashes, sprays, or large amounts of bodily fluids that may soak through clothing are all examples of the kind of exposure you should anticipate. Selecting the appropriate PPE depends on the patient’s isolation method (see the link below from the CDC).
  • How well it serves its purpose and how long it lasts. This will affect whether to wear a gown or an apron. If a dress is required, it’s also essential to consider the style. Does it need to be water-resistant, water-proof or both?
  • Fitting. Vendors must customise personal protective equipment (PPE) offerings to the specific user (form a proper seal). So, for example, the level of protection provided by a glove may be compromised while an incorrect fit hinders the healthcare provider’s talent.


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