Facial Stroke and Emotion Recognition

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When someone has a stroke, it is common for them to experience paralysis of the face. A stroke is classified based on its cause. It could result from a lack of blood flow or when a blood vessel ruptures. When this happens, different centers of a person’s brain can be affected. Should a stroke occur in the part of the brain that controls the movement of the body, a person could experience a loss of function of the muscle that particular part of the brain controls. The muscles used by a person to make facial expressions are most often affected. This can result in complete paralysis, partial paralysis, or simply facial weakness.

After A Stroke

Symptoms

It is common for people who have a stroke to have the same symptoms of paralysis in their face as someone with Bell’s Palsy. When a person experiences a stroke, they will often have additional symptoms not found with Bell’s Palsy.

*They may have weakness in arms or legs on one side of their body

*There could be changes in the level of their consciousness

*A person could experience changes in their vision

*There could be significant confusion

*A person could experience serious dizziness

*They could experience a seizure

*They may have a significant loss of coordination

When people are having a stroke, they will usually still be able to move their foreheads on the side that has been affected. They will also have the ability to blink. When someone has Bell’s palsy, they are unable to do these things.

Identifying a Stroke

Diagnosis

A person who believes they may be having a stroke or a person who suspects their loved one may be having a stroke should immediately seek medical attention. All the symptoms being experienced should be discussed. Information on any other types of illnesses or medical conditions present should also be mentioned. A physician may ask a person suspected of having a stroke if they can move their facial muscles. They may be asked to do such things as close their eyes, lift their eyebrows, frown, or smile. Electromyography may be performed to check the health of the nerves and muscles of the face. Imaging scans and blood tests will also be performed as physicians try to determine the cause of the paralysis in a person’s face.

Recovering from a Stroke

Treatment

When someone experiences paralysis of the face from having a stroke, the treatment they receive will be similar to how it is for most strokes. Should a person have recently had a stroke, they may be eligible to participate in specialized stroke therapy. It is designed to destroy any clot responsible for the stroke. If a person’s stroke happened too long ago for this type of treatment, a physician may prescribe medications to decrease the chance of any more damage occurring to a person’s brain. It is important to remember that strokes are time-sensitive. This means if a person suspects they, or a loved one, may be having a stroke, they need to get medical treatment as soon as possible.

After A Stroke

Outlook

Should a person who has a stroke get medical attention quickly, their chances of a possible full recovery, with limited damage to their body or brain, increase significantly. The preventative measures and rehabilitation utilized will be based on the kind of stroke they experienced and its severity. It is possible in some cases, with all the best options used for therapy, a person’s facial paralysis may never completely leave them. When this happens, eye care and physical therapy may help prevent a person from experiencing any more damage and improve their quality of life.

Emotional Challenges After A stroke

Emotional Recognition

Emotional recognition is the ability of an individual to identify the emotions of others around them. A big part of this is a person’s ability to correctly identify facial expressions, as well as body language, and non-verbal gestures. These are people’s communication features. They often make a stronger statement than their words. It is believed that emotional recognition happens when people have live and face-to-face conversations with one another. It also helps a person to interpret the changing mood of other types of intercommunication. This could be video, audio as well as text.

A person’s ability to comprehend the emotional spectrum is essential. It is a way for people to provide proper reactions and have a positive ongoing interaction with the world around them.

Impaired Emotional Recognition

Emotional Recognition After Stroke

A stroke patient can experience impaired emotional recognition after experiencing their stroke. This often harms their quality of life and ability to go back to their job. It is still not clearly identified how impairments of emotional recognition happen soon after a stroke.

Therapy to Help Emotional Recognition

Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT)

There have been stroke patients who have benefited from having EFT. This therapy is based on emotions being the key factors to who we are as people The goal of EFT is to reconstruct a person’s base of emotions. It helps stroke patients work toward important goals in their life.

*Being able to alert people to threats

*Informing people of their important goals or needs that can be obtained.

*Inform other people of their derision making

*Their ability to contribute to their goal setting

*The ability to contribute to the appraisal of themselves and their environment

*Understanding the intentions to others during their regular interactions

Phases of Emotional Focused Therapy

Three Phases

EFT is done in three phases. The goal of the first phase is to discover any underlying emotional problems and help a person work on changing how they perceive them. The second phase is focused on helping a person create new emotional experiences to replace any negative ones they may have. This will set the stage for them to engage in more effective communication. The third phase is the final one and is designed to help people resolve any old problems they may have by developing a plan to continue emotional recognition success. This usually involves being able to deal with things outside of a therapist’s office.

It is common for stroke patients to experience deficits in emotional recognition. This will often result in negative social consequences. It has been proven that the architecture of the brain regarding emotions involves the temporal region. This is related to specific basic emotions with various interconnections. People who have had paralysis of their face due to a stroke can struggle with emotional recognition. There are effective treatments available for stroke patients who struggle with this.

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