Applying for Bihar Ration Card: A Complete Guide



In India, the Public Distribution System (PDS) is a crucial initiative that aims to provide subsidized food and non-food items to the country’s vulnerable population. The ration card is a critical document that allows individuals to access these benefits. In Bihar, the State Government oversees the issuance of ration cards to its residents. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the process of applying for a Bihar ration card, including the types of ration cards available, eligibility criteria, required documents, application procedure, and frequently asked questions.

Types of Ration Cards in Bihar

In Bihar, there are primarily three types of ration cards issued based on economic criteria:

  1. Antyodaya (AAY) Ration Cards: These cards are issued to the poorest families in society. They are entitled to receive 35 kg of food grains per month at subsidized rates.

  2. Below Poverty Line (BPL) Ration Cards: Families that fall slightly above the poverty line but are still economically disadvantaged are eligible for BPL ration cards. They receive food grains at subsidized rates.

  3. Above Poverty Line (APL) Ration Cards: Families that do not fall under the AAY or BPL categories are eligible for APL ration cards. They receive food grains at a price higher than those provided to AAY and BPL cardholders.

Eligibility Criteria for Bihar Ration Card

To be eligible for a ration card in Bihar, applicants must meet the following criteria:

  1. Residency: The applicant must be a resident of Bihar.

  2. Economic Status: The economic status of the applicant’s family must fit the criteria for the type of ration card they are applying for (AAY, BPL, or APL).

  3. Identity Proof: The applicant must have valid proof of identity, such as Aadhar card, voter ID, PAN card, etc.

  4. Address Proof: The applicant must provide proof of residence, such as a utility bill, rental agreement, or any other government-issued document.

Documents Required for Bihar Ration Card Application

When applying for a ration card in Bihar, the following documents are typically required:

  1. Proof of Identity: Aadhar card, voter ID, PAN card, etc.

  2. Proof of Residence: Utility bills, rental agreement, etc.

  3. Passport-sized photographs of the head of the family.

  4. Income Certificate for economically weaker sections.

  5. Family Income Details: Payslips, income certificate, etc.

  6. Recent Bank Statements.

Procedure for Applying for Bihar Ration Card

The application process for a Bihar ration card typically involves the following steps:

  1. Obtain the Application Form: Visit the nearest Public Distribution System (PDS) office or download the form from the official website.

  2. Fill Out the Form: Provide accurate information in the application form and ensure that you have all the necessary documents ready.

  3. Submit the Form: Submit the completed form along with the required documents to the designated authority at the PDS office.

  4. Verification: Once the application is submitted, a verification process will be conducted by the concerned authorities.

  5. Issuance of Ration Card: If the application is approved, the ration card will be issued to the applicant within a specified timeframe.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Can I apply for a Bihar ration card online?
  2. Yes, Bihar residents can apply for a ration card online through the official website of the Bihar Public Distribution System.

  3. How long does it take to process a ration card application in Bihar?

  4. The processing time for a ration card application in Bihar can vary, but it typically takes a few weeks to a month.

  5. What should I do if there is a mistake on my ration card?

  6. If there is an error on your ration card, you should contact the relevant authorities at the PDS office to rectify the mistake.

  7. Can I transfer my ration card from one district to another in Bihar?

  8. Yes, it is possible to transfer your ration card from one district to another within Bihar. You will need to submit a transfer request to the designated authorities.

  9. Do I need to renew my Bihar ration card periodically?

  10. Yes, ration cards in Bihar need to be renewed periodically. It is essential to keep track of the renewal dates to avoid any disruptions in your benefits.


Obtaining a ration card in Bihar is a crucial step towards accessing subsidized food grains and other essentials through the Public Distribution System. By understanding the types of ration cards available, eligibility criteria, required documents, and application procedure outlined in this guide, applicants can navigate the process smoothly. Remember to provide accurate information and timely documentation to ensure a successful application for a Bihar ration card.


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